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Attractions > South > Pattani

Attractions in Pattani province in Thailand

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Pattani is a southern coastal province beside the Gulf of Thailand, with an area of about 1,940 sq km. and a 170 km. long seashore. Pattani has a long history which is still apparent in the ruins of Yarang, where there are fortified sites of an ancient Indian civilisation.

By the 14th  century Pattani was under the control of Malay Kings and the people had become muslim. The Thais took control in the 16th century and then many Chinese merchants came to settle. Fishing is an important occupation, with traditional Kolae boats still much used, and the province is endowed with many fine beaches. The city of Pattani has long had importance as a port and a centre of administration, trading and culture. The modern part with the government offices is on the west side whilst the older part lies on the east bank of the Pattani River. On the south side of town is a Malay quarter. People of Chinese descent dominate the commercial life.

Pattani Central Mosque (Matsayit Klang)



Krue Se Mosque



Chao Mae Lim Ko Niao Chinese Shrine or Leng Chu Kiang Shrine



Pier in Pattani



Kolae Boat



Ancient Town



Wat Chang Hai Ratburanaram



Pier in Pattani



Hat Khae Khae







City attractions in Pattani

Pattani Central Mosque (Matsayit Klang)

Located on Yarang Road, this is the largest mosque in Thailand and the major centre for Thai muslims. Completed in 1954, its construction took nine years. The architecture has similarities to the Taj Mahal with a big central dome, four smaller surrounding domes and two minarets.

City Pillar Shrine

Situated in the Sak Seni ground of Benchama Rachuthit School, opposite the City Hall, on the left bank of Pattani River. The shrine is revered by Pattani people.

Krue Se Mosque

Located on Highway 42 at Ban Krue Se, about 7 km. from Pattani city, this mosque is in a Middle Eastern style but is unfinished. It was built during the reign of King Naresuan the Great (1578-1593) by Lim To Khiam (Chao Mae Lim Ko Niao), a Chinese immigrant.

Chao Mae Lim Ko Niao Chinese Shrine  or Leng Chu Kiang Shrine

Situated at Ban Krue Se, near Krue Se Mosque. The legend goes that Lim Ko Niao, a Chinese girl, came to Siam by ship to look for Lim To Khiam, her elder brother, who had married the Pattani governor's daughter and had changed his religion to Islam. She tried to persuade him to give it up. Failing, she hanged herself on a cashew nut tree and her brother buried her there. Pattani people built a shrine to her with a wooden figure of her carved from the tree. On the full moon day of the third lunar month, there is a colourful procession carrying Lim Ko Niao's figure around the town and fire walking in front of the shrine.

Kallayaniwatthana Institute of Arts and Culture

Located in Songkhla Nakharin University, with two sections. Phra Thepyanmoli Museum is concerned with the history and activities of the monk, Phra Thepyanmoli. Additionally, there are Buddha images, ancient artefacts, Chinese, European and Thai pottery, old coins, bank notes and the like. Khatichon Witthaya Museum is concerned with the domestic life of muslim household in the southern provinces, displaying utensils and local arts past and present, also the history of the ancient town of Yarang, pottery, local beliefs and technology. This centre is open Monday to Friday, 9.00 a.m.-11.30 a.m. and 1.00 p.m.- 4.00 p.m., except public holidays, free admission. For more information, Tel. 0 7331 3930-50 ext. 1472, 1473, 1476 and 0 7333 1250; Fax: 0 7333 1250


Out of city attractions in Pattani

Yaring Nature Study Centre

The centre is in Yaring National Forest, which has an area of 500 Rai. There is a 1,250 metre wooden walkway for study of the forest, a rest area and a 13 metre high bird-waching tower.

Hat Talo-Kapo

The beginning of a long stretch of beaches, this beach is about 18 km. east of Pattani town, near Yaring. With its while sand, and pine and coconut trees, this beach is one of the most popular in Pattani . There are many Kolea fishing boats with their unique colourful characteristics.

Palas Market

Located 30 km. from Pattani on Highway 42, market days are Wednesday and Sunday. Here you see the typical southern muslim people clad in local dress and colourful batik headbands.

Ban Paseyawo

This is a famous location of Kolae boat making, the unique boats used by fisherman in Pattani and Narathiwat. Kolae boats have narrow prows and afts, and are painted in colourful designs. Besides the real Kolae, they also make miniatures for sale as souvenirs.

Yarang Ancient Town

Yarang was an important site of the ancient kingdom of Langkasuka which extended through the present-day Thai provinces of Songkhla, Pattani, Yala and Narathiwat and the current Malaysian states of Kelantan and Terrangkanu, according to ancient Chinese and Arab sources. A port with a long trading history, the ancient town has left remains consisting of three moated sites, Ban Wat, Ban Chalae and Ban Prawae, over an area of about 9 sq km. At Ban Wat, to the south of Highway 4061, and Ban Chalae, to the north, Buddha images and terracotta objects dating from the 4th to 8th centuries have been found, and they show influences of Indian Gupta art, indicating that the area was then a centre of Mahayana Buddhism. Ban Chalae has the ruins of two large brick chedis. Ban Prawae is the site of the 12th or 13th century city of Mueang Prawae, featuring the ruins of ramparts, dikes and chedis. Its rectangular wall with four corner forts probably dates from the 17th-18th  centuries when it was the capital of a Malay governor. The site is accessed via Highway 410 from Pattani for 15 km. then Highway 4061 for 1.2 km. For more information, contact the Ancient Yarang Exploring Project at 0 7343 9093.

Wat Mutcharin-Thawapiwihan

Located about 10 km. along the Pattani-Khok Pho Road at Nong Chik, this temple was built in 1845. It has sculptures of past abbots, notably of Phra Ratchaphuttharangsi, the fifth abbot.

Hat Ratchadaphisek

Situated at Ban Sai Mo, this beach is about 15 km. west of Pattani, and 2 km. from Nong Chik.

King Rama VII Pavilion

This Thai style pavilion was built for King Rama VII for his 1929 visit to observe a solar eclipse. It is about 26 km. from Pattani town on Highway 42.

Wat Chang Hai Ratburanaram

This monastery is more than 300 years old and is revered for the sculpture of Luang Pu Thuad, once the abbot, which is an object of pilgrimage, It is said that he was able to turn sea water into fresh water. In April there is a festival to pay respect to his bones and ashes. Wat Chang Hai (as it is usually known) is located at Ban Pa Rai about 31 km. from Pattani, accessed via Highway 42 to Khok Pho, then Highway 409 to Yala. The temple has a handicrafts centre.

Namtok Sai Khao National Park

Located in Amphoe Sai Khao, this forest park is famous for its beautiful waterfall which can be reached on foot from the park office. The falls are 40 metres high and visitors can swim in the natural pools. Access is via Highway 409 for 28 km. to Na Pradu junction, then along Napradu-Sai Khao Road for about 7 km. Bungalows are available. For more details, contact the National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department  Tel: 0 2562 0760.

Namtok Phong Phong

This waterfall is located within Namtok Sai Khao National Park, accessed via Highway 42 and Highway 409 to Ban Pak Lo. With seven levels, the falls have seven tiers and a big pool at the bottom. The area is wooded.

Namtok Aran Warin

Situated at Tung Pala, about 30 km. from Pattani, this waterfall is accessed via Highway 409 to Yala, turning right at Wat Huai Ngo junction. Namtok Aran Warin is in San Kala Khiri mountain range. There are 7 tiers, each about 400 metres apart.


Activity in Pattani

At Yaring there are delightful boat trips along three canals, Bang Pu, Klang, and Kolae. Along the way, visitors can see water animals, birds and local lifestyles. For more details, contact the Pattani Forest Regional Office at tel : 0 7334 9146 ext. 4146.


Special events in Pattani

Chak Phra Festival

This annual festival commemorates the day that Lord Buddha came back
from heaven. Buddhists in Khok Pho and nearby accompany the decorated boat procession from all temples, beautifully costumed. Activities include dancing and offering food to Buddhist monks.

Chao Mae Lim Ko Niao Fair

February / March
This annual fair is celebrated 15 days after Chinese New Year. The highlight is a procession carrying the wooden sculpture of Chao Mae Lim Ko Niao, a goddess revered by the local Chinese people. The fair also features extraordinary acts of endurance such as walking on fire. Participants must not eat meat for at least seven days before the festival.


Shopping in Pattani

Pattani's most interesting local products are brassware, bamboo bird cages and yan lipao basketware.




Thailand private tours, Bangkok private tours, Chiang Mai private tours, Ayutthaya..., ..., Thai private tour guide,
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